Ode to solidarity

The 9th May is celebrated by the European Union like a national day, as it would have officially been if the European Constitution Treaty were successful.[1] The date commemorates the speech held on the same day in 1950 by Robert Schuman, now often designated as one of the founding fathers of the EU. Regarded as … Continue reading Ode to solidarity

Sanctions and international trade: the significance of the classification of goods

Due to the recent internationally opposed events,[1] countries worldwide have imposed sanctions on The Russian Federation (Russia).[2] The European Union (EU) has put in place ‘severe European sanctions following the Russia-Ukraine war’,[3] including export controls and restrictions.[4] Unquestionably, this has affected the trade between the EU and Russia, resulting in the blocking of approximately 30.000 … Continue reading Sanctions and international trade: the significance of the classification of goods

International trade: the growing importance of the AEO permit 

International trade is of crucial importance to the world economy. Producers, businesses, consumers and governments worldwide are dependent on the smooth running of international supply chains. In 2021 alone, the European Union (EU), a major player in international trade, has seen a substantial increase of 18.4% in extra-EU imports and 13.9% in exports.[1] With each … Continue reading International trade: the growing importance of the AEO permit 

Energy transition in Europe amidst recent legal developments

As several events display in today’s world, many questions are being raised about the future of energy in the EU. In November, during the COP26, countries gathered around the table to discuss the threat of climate change, turning tomorrow’s problem into today’s, and rightly so. We witnessed pledges such as full decarbonization and complete energy … Continue reading Energy transition in Europe amidst recent legal developments

Space law or the lack thereof

On October 4th, 1957, the first satellite was successfully launched into space. Sputnik 1, launched by the former Soviet Union (now the Russian Federation), ran for 21 consecutive days until it ran out of battery.[1] The satellite burnt while re-entering Earth’s atmosphere.[2] There are currently a total of 7500 active satellites and more than 15000 … Continue reading Space law or the lack thereof

The Draft Guidelines on self-employed persons: Understanding the context

The European Commission recently published Draft Guidelines on the application of competition law to collective agreements of self-employed persons.[1] These guidelines are part of a proposed package to improve working conditions of people doing platform work. The number of self-employed workers has risen considerably in recent years, owing partially to the introduction of the ‘platform … Continue reading The Draft Guidelines on self-employed persons: Understanding the context

Case note: AS PNP Banka and others v. Latvia, decision on jurisdiction

Karolina Grabowska, 'Symbol of the European Union on Banknote' (2020) <https://www.pexels.com/photo/symbol-of-european-union-on-banknote-4386152/&gt; accessed 08 November 2021. Background of the dispute The dispute arose in 2017 between a group of UK nationals who own the majority of the shares of a Latvian bank called AS PNP Banka (previously called AS Norvik Banka) on the one side and … Continue reading Case note: AS PNP Banka and others v. Latvia, decision on jurisdiction